Open Access: The Role and Impact of Preprint Services
An NFAIS Foresight Event, sponsored by NISO
Thursday, November 14 – Friday, November 15, 2019
We want all stakeholders in the room for this collaborative, cross-sector event! Engage with other participants in exploring the function of preprints and how best to support their integration in the scholarly information ecosystem. Registration is open.
Meeting Venue: American Geophysical Union, 2000 Florida Avenue, NW, Washington DC
Preprint servers and services are actively embraced by a broad range of research communities in North America. The point of this two-day, on-site event is to enable participants to engage in a cross-sector discussion of how best to integrate preprint services into existing research processes. Participate in identifying potential issues and existing gaps that impede researcher workflow. Scheduled small group discussions will allow attendees to better understand specific community needs and identify mechanisms that will satisfy those needs. What's working? What's not? Attend this NISO Foresight event and help the community to further open access just that little bit more!
Additional speaker abstracts have been posted to the NISO event page, but here's a taste of the perspectives to be presented.
Preprints, the Institutional Repository and the Impact on the Research Institution
The presentation will review the purpose and practices of preprint servers and institutional repositories, specifically looking at peer review support, content recruitment, notification services, content types, and issues of institutional alignment. The impact of preprint and preprint servers on research institutions will be discussed, with particular attention paid to tenure review, faculty time commitments, and university reputation. Other significant issues will be discussed such as the "unfunded mandate problem" and the reallocation of resources to steward scholarship within the institution.
Acceptance and Use of Preprints in Diverse Domains and Disciplines
A wide range of disciplines are building preprint services-web-based systems that enable publishing non peer-reviewed scholarly manuscripts before publication in a peer-reviewed journal. We have quantitatively surveyed nine of the largest English language preprint services offered by the Center for Open Science (COS) and available through an Application Programming Interface. Data indicates that all services are growing, but with submission rates below more mature services (e.g., bioRxiv). The trend of the preprint-to-postprint ratio for each service indicates that recent growth is a result of more preprint submissions. The nine domains we investigated host papers that appear in a range of peer-reviewed journals, and many of these publication venues are not listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals. When comparing the papers submitted to each service, we observe topic overlap measured by keywords self-assigned to each manuscript, indicating that search functionalities would benefit from cutting across the boundaries of a single service. Finally, we will discuss annotation capabilities, which appear to be rarely used by readers of preprints.
The Impact of Preprints on Scholarly Societies: Business Models and Workflows
Preprint servers have grown in popularity across multiple disciplines as a way for authors to share early versions of research outputs that may eventually become journal articles. Scholarly society publishers seem to have responded in one of three ways: Wait-and-see, Get-out-in-front, or quietly acquiesce. The session will briefly introduce the challenges to society publishers and review how some societies have accepted (or not) the use of preprints.Logistical Information
Registration is Open: Fee includes a continental breakfast, a working lunch and three coffee breaks. NISO Member Organization: $285.00; Non-NISO-Member: $335.00; Student: $110.00.
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Need a hotel? There is no hotel block associated with this event. Choose whichever location that best fits your budget!
Have Questions? Get in touch!
Contact Jill O'Neill at email@example.com or reach out to NISO Headquarters by phone at 301-654-2512 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.